Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Enlarged Gums in Cats

ADVERTISEMENT

Gingival Hyperplasia in Cats

 

Gingival hyperplasia is a medical condition by which a cat's gingival tissue becomes inflamed and enlarged. Enlargement is typically caused by dental plaque or other bacterial growth along the gum line. This condition is relatively rare in cats, and in many cases can be prevented with good oral hygiene habits.

 

Symptoms and Types

 

Common symptoms of gum enlargement include:

 

  • Thickening of the gums
  • Increase in the height of the gums
  • Pockets developing in the gums
  • Areas of inflammation in the gums
  • Growth/mass formation on the gum line

 

Causes

 

The most common cause of gingival hyperplasia is bacteria and plaque along the gum line. This disease will also affect the bones and the structures supporting the teeth. If left untreated, this condition can lead to periodontal disease.

 

Diagnosis

 

Gingival hyperplasia is often diagnosed during a veterinary mouth inspection. If there is a gingival mass present, a biopsy will be performed, with tissue taken from the mass for examination, so that cancer (neoplasia) can be either confirmed or ruled out. X-ray images will also be taken to rule out potentially serious underlying medical conditions.

 

 

 

 

Related Articles

Fungal Infection (Histoplasmosis) in Cats
Histoplasmosis refers to a fungal infection caused by the Histoplasma capsulatum...
READ MORE
Bacterial Infection (Campylobacteriosis) in ...
Campylobacteriosis is not commonly found in cats, but when it does occur, it is most...
READ MORE
Gallbladder and Bile Duct Inflammation in ...
Inflammation of the gallbladder is often associated with obstruction and/or inflammation...
READ MORE
  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»
Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM