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While some cats will require surgical care, most can be treated at home with proper nursing care. Modifications to the diet will often include dietary restrictions on nitrogen and sodium. Hydration and electrolyte disturbances will also be addressed and treated. Drugs that rely on liver biotransformation should be avoided, along with any drugs that will react with GABA-benzodiazepine receptors (the transmitters that inhibit anxiety and over excitement). Veterinarians commonly prescribe histamines for blood pressure reduction, and diuretics (furosemides) to relieve excess fluid.
It will be important for your veterinarian to monitor your cat's biochemistry every few weeks, and then every few months following the initial treatment routines. Prognosis is fair when AV is properly treated, although your cat will require ongoing monitoring and treatment to address any related health issues that may arise.
As the health issue is mostly congenital in nature, there are no preventative measures to consider.
The condition of being drowsy, listless, or weak
To slow something down or cause it to stop
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
A type of medical condition in which thrombus is created within the blood vessels
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
High blood pressure
A medical condition involving excessive thirst
Referring to the liver
The amount of pressure applied by the blood on the arteries.
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
Something having to do with an embryo or the development of an embryo
A disease of the brain of any type
The abdominal wall is a group of bones, muscles, and vital tissues that make up the wall around the organs in the abdomen. Inside these bones, muscles, and tissues is a cavity, and the cavity is what houses the vital organs found inside the abdomen. The abdominal wall is vital for protection of these organs.
A condition of frequent or recurring seizures that are not of a system origin
A condition in which fluid is found inside the brain; water on the brain