If the cat is diagnosed with cardiac tamponade, immediate pericardiocentesis (drawing the fluid out of the pericardial sac with a needle) is essential; however, this is rarely needed in cats.
Cats in respiratory distress will be stabilized with the use of administered oxygen and an oxygen cage. Some animals may need their pericardium surgically removed (pericardiectomy), if there is persistent effusion.
Living and Management
If symptoms of pericardial effusion should reoccur in your cat, contact your veterinarian immediately. If your pet has undergone a pericardiectomy, check the surgical incision every day to make sure it is clean, and that it is healing properly. There is always a risk of infection when the skin has been operated on.
If there is any itching, swelling, redness, or oozing at the surgical site, contact your veterinarian immediately for advisement.
The sac of membranes that hold the heart
Inflammation of the pericardium
A record of body structures using an x-ray
Something that is related to the whole body and not just one particular part or organ
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The fluid that is found amongst the layers of the pericardium
The term for the membrane around the heart
The superior chamber in an animal's heart.
The process of making something larger by dilating or stretching it
The escape of fluid or blood into tissues or body spaces or cavities
A record of the activity of the myocardium
The collection of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.