Patients suffering from hemothorax should be treated on an inpatient basis. They must receive fluid therapy to correct their blood loss into the chest cavity. If the cat also has air free (outside the lungs) in the chest cavity, this must be immediately corrected. If the lungs are bruised, ventilator support may be necessary. These patients often also need oxygen therapy, and will need to be kept warm to prevent shock. If the cat's blood sample has a delayed clotting time, then a plasma or blood transfusion may be needed to restore clotting factors or to provide red blood cells for oxygen transport. Severe or recurrent thoracic hemorrhage may require surgical exploration.
Living and Management
While your cat is recovering from hemothorax, it is probably best to avoid giving it any aspirin or other over the counter medications that might decrease clotting. Your veterinarian will schedule follow-up appointments as necessary to treat your cat's underlying condition. If your cat shows signs of a recurrence of hemothorax, notify your veterinarian immediately; surgery may be necessary for correcting recurring cases.
The area between the folds of the pleura; airtight
A cell that aids in clotting
Pertaining to the chest
A gland found near the midline of the chest cavity; found mostly in young animals
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
Extreme loss of blood
The protein that moves oxygen in the blood
The fluid created by the liver that helps food in the stomach to be digested.
An animal’s sternum
The muscle in the abdomen that aids in breathing
A passage in the body with walls
A large blood vessel that transports blood out of the heart.