Congenital Heart Defect (Ebstein’s Anomaly) in Cats
Ebstein's Anomaly in Cats
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare congenital malformation of the heart in which the opening of the tricuspid valve (on the right side of the heart, between the right atrium and the right ventricle) is displaced toward the apex of the right ventricle of the heart. It is accompanied by various degrees of tricuspid insufficiency, such as stenosis – an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel, or rapid heart rhythms caused by an abnormal accessory pathway. A murmur can be detected with a stethoscope in young animals, though it can be much more difficult to hear irregular heart movements if there is stenosis. There is no breed or gender predilection toward this abnormality in cats.
Symptoms and Types
Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical exam on your cat, including a chemical blood profile, a complete blood count, and a urinalysis. You will need to give a thorough history of your cat's health, including a background history of symptoms.
Your veterinarian will order an x-ray of the chest, and will look for evidence of right atrial and ventricular enlargement, as well as an enlarged kidney. Echocardiography can also be used to examine the heart and chest, by showing an ultrasound image of the size, motion and composition of the heart and surrounding structure. An electrocardiogram to measure the electrical activity and pressure within the heart will be necessary for verifying a definitive diagnosis of Ebstein's anomaly.
The act of making an opening narrower.
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
a) A cavity in certain animals b) Term refers to a rear chamber in the heart or a cavity in the brain
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
A record of the activity of the myocardium
Term used to refer to a condition of having a disease or affliction but not displaying symptoms of it.
The superior chamber in an animal's heart.
The very tip or peak of something
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