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If your cat is suffering from congestive heart failure (CHF), depending on how severe the disease is, it will to be hospitalized for intensive care. There are medications available, but this often depends on exactly which heart valve disease your cat has. Diuretics may be used to reduce fluid retention, and vasodilators can be used to dilate the blood vessels, and an antiarrhythmic drug, such as digoxin, may be used to control the heart rate.
The long-term prognosis for atrioventricular valve dysplasia is guarded to poor, depending on the severity of the condition.
Your cat will need to be rechecked about every three months to see if there are continuing signs of chronic heart failure and to adjust the treatment accordingly. Chest X-rays, an EKG (electrocardiogram – to measure the electrical activity of the heart) and echocardiography will very likely be performed at the follow-up appointments.
Your veterinarian will discuss precautions and home treatment with you, but generally, cats that are diagnosed with AVD need to be restricted to a low-salt diet and exercise should be restricted.
Because this is a genetically based disease, if your cat is diagnosed with it, your veterinarian will strongly advise against breeding your cat. Spaying or neutering is indicated.
The fold of membrane found between the left atrium and left ventricle
Any growth or organ on an animal that is not normal
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
a) A cavity in certain animals b) Term refers to a rear chamber in the heart or a cavity in the brain
A record of the activity of the myocardium
The act of making an opening narrower.
A procedure that is used to evaluate the health and structures of the heart
The superior chamber in an animal's heart.
The fold of membranes found among the front and rear chambers of the heart; may be described as the left and right atrioventricular valve.
To make something wider
The widening of something
A condition in which growth and development are not up to normal standards
Used to refer to any drug that alters irregularities in an animal's heartbeat.