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There are various surgical modalities available and selection will be based on the location and extent of the problem. Surgery will be conducted to remove the affected tissue along with some margins of the normal tissue, to be certain that all of the affected tissue has been removed. If the tumor is invasive in nature, a deeper surgical resection will be required, followed by radiation therapy. Chemotherapy may also be advised in these patients, though it has not yet been satisfactorily evaluated for this type of cancer. Your veterinarian will consult a veterinary oncologist for the best treatment plan for your cat.
Overall prognosis is good if the tumor is small and superficial. If the tumor is invasive and metastatic in nature, the prognosis will not be positive. The decision to go forward with surgery or chemical therapy will be based on the actual prognosis. In some cases, end of life pain management may be in order. Good nutritional support is essential for these patients to ensure maintenance of body weight and condition.
Always seek advice and instructions from a veterinary oncologist before giving chemotherapy medications, as these drugs are highly toxic to human health. Pregnant women in particular should take extra care while administering chemotherapeutic drugs to their pets. Chemotherapy medications have the possibility of toxic side effects, so your veterinarian will need to closely monitor your cat's stability, changing dosage amounts as necessary.
After surgery, you should expect your cat to feel sore. Your veterinarian will give you pain medication for your cat to help minimize discomfort, and you will need to set up a place in the house where your cat can rest comfortably and quietly, away from other pets, active children, and busy entryways. Setting the cat litter box and food dishes close by will enable your cat to continue to care for itself normally, without exerting itself unduly. Use pain medications with caution and follow all directions carefully; one of the most preventable accidents with pets is overdose of medication.
If your cat is at increased risk for acquiring this disease, you may take preventive measures by limiting sun exposure, especially from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. If your cat spends time in the sun on a window sill, or near a glass door, you might want to consider placing transparent sun shades on the glass, to limit the ultraviolet (UV) rays. Sunscreens have not been found to be effective for the prevention of this tumor.
A treatment of certain neoplasms that is administered using an x ray
The prediction of a disease’s outcome in advance
An involuntary action in which the muscles contract; caused by a problem with the brain.
Pertaining to the chest
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The growth of pathogens away from the original site of the disease
Something that becomes worse or life threatening as it spreads
The excessive production of tears
A bloody nose
Medicines that can be inhaled
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
Anything that looks different from what is considered to be normal and healthy for that species