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Squamous cell carcinomas in the nose and sinuses are treated with a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. If your cat has surgery, the part of the sinuses that are affected by the tumor will be removed during surgery. After your cat has recovered from surgery, your veterinarian may recommend radiation therapy or chemotherapy. For some types of radiation therapy, your cat may need to stay in the hospital.
In some cases, surgery may not be practical and your cat may be treated with radiation or chemotherapy alone. Some forms of radiation therapy are just as effective as the combination of surgery and radiation. Your veterinarian will counsel you on the possible treatments that are available.
It is common for a cat that has been affected with a squamous cell carcinoma of the nose or sinuses to have nasal discharge and inflammation after surgery and radiation therapy. These symptoms usually go away in in the course of several weeks. Fungal infections are also possible in its nose after surgery. Your veterinarian will tell you what to look for and will help you monitor your cat for these infections. As with many carcinomas, it is common for these tumors to recur after treatment. Usually when they return, they have spread (or metastasized) to the brain. Some cats can do well for up to a year after treatment.
A type of slime that is made up of certain salts, cells, or leukocytes
A treatment of certain neoplasms that is administered using an x ray
Small structures that filter out the lymph and store lymphocytes
A covering of cells that turns into the outermost layer of skin and covers the body
The excessive production of tears
The process of removing tissue to examine it, usually for medical reasons.