Hi stranger! Signing up for MypetMD is easy, free and puts the most relevant content at your fingertips.

Get Instant Access To

  • 24/7 alerts for pet-related recalls

  • Your own library of articles, blogs, and favorite pet names

  • Tools designed to keep your pets happy and healthy



or Connect with Facebook

By joining petMD, you agree to the Privacy Policy.

PetMD Seal

Anal Gland Cancer in Cats

Adenocarcinoma in Cats

 

While anal gland/sac cancer (adenocarcinoma) is not common, it is an invasive disease that does not generally have a positive outlook. Usually seen as a rectal growth (mass) on a cat, it is also common to find the disease in the lymph nodes. Due to the type of disease, it is typically cancerous (malignant) and can spread quickly into other areas of the cat's body. There are treatment options available, usually surgical, that can help to improve an animal's chances for survival.

 

Symptoms

 

The most common sign of anal gland cancer is a rectal mass or tumor. The tumors are often small in nature. In addition to the visible signs of a tumor, cats that are suffering from the disease may be constipated or have difficulty defecating (obstipation), have a loss of appetite (anorexia), be excessively thirsty (polydipsia), and may seem lethargic.

 

Causes

 

This disease is fairly rare in cats. There is currently no breed that is a most prone to this type of cancer, but it is often associated with a hormone imbalance (parathyroid), as it is often found in the anal/genital area. It is also linked with high levels of calcium (hypercalcemia) in the body.

 

Diagnosis

 

A fine needle is inserted into the cancerous anal mass (aspirate) and the cells are examined to rule out any other possible conditions. It can be challenging to determine whether the mass is malignant or not, so the needle biopsy is a useful diagnostic test. In some cases an incision and a full biopsy are needed to properly diagnose the mass. Some veterinarians will also use imaging tools to look at the mass, such as X-rays or ultrasounds.

 

 

Related Articles

Mouth Cancer (Adenocarcinoma) in Cats
Saliva contains many useful enzymes that help in the digestive process. These enzymes...
READ MORE
Lymphoma in Cats
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that originates in the lymphocyte cells. A type of white...
READ MORE
Mammary Gland Tumor in Cats
Over 85 percent of mammary tumors in cats are malignant and they tend to grow and...
READ MORE

Do you have a plan for your pet(s) in case of natural disaster or emergency evacuation?

  • Lifetime Credits:
  • Today's Credits:
Hurry Before All Seats are Taken!
Enroll
Be an A++ Pet Parent! Take fun & free courses to earn badges & certifications. Choose a course»
Search cat Articles

 

 

Around the Web
MORE FROM PETMD.COM