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Medical treatment may be required in some females, but proper care and management typically help in resolving such behavioral problems. Spaying should be delayed for at least four months after estrus to avoid abnormal behavior. That being said, spaying has been suggested to help in preventing future excessive maternal behavior.
In case of lack of maternal behavior the queen should be fed freely to encourage lactation and meet her energy demands. Nursing females should also be placed in quiet, comfortable, and dark area, where she will not be disturbed by other people and animals. If the queen is seen biting her neonates, she may require a muzzle or may need to be removed from the room. If aggression persists, the separation can be done for several weeks until aggression subsides.
Conversely, in case of excessive maternal behavior, the queen should be separated from the stolen puppies and their actual mother. Moreover, the mothered objects like stuffed animals should be removed from the environment of the queen. In these females, food intake should be restricted for few days to prevent lactation.
Many experts recommend against breeding queens with a history of maternal behavioral problems, as these problems are shown in subsequent pregnancies.
A type of hormone that is released during parturition that aids in the contraction of the uterus and causes milk to be released
A hormone that is created at the time of pregnancy
An in-depth examination of the properties of urine; used to determine the presence or absence of illness
The term for an animal’s young
The term for the nostrils and muscles in the upper and lower lips of an animal; may also be used to describe a type of tool used to keep an animal from biting
The time period in which a female is receptive to male attention
The formation and secretion of milk and the processes involved
Any female animal that has given birth.