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Nutrition Center - Blogs

Good Health Relies on Filtered Water

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No matter what kind of fish you decide on for your pond, keep in mind that filtration must be adequate for the size of the pond and the bioload, or amount of fish. Keep up with regular maintenance in order to keep your water chemistry parameters...

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Chinese High-Fin Banded Shark

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Although not a true elasmobranch, like other sharks and rays, these fish have large black fins, allowing them to zip through ponds with amazing ease. They are not aggressive towards any other pond fish. They are algae eaters but will snack on...

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Catfish

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These sleek fish can provide a good contrast to koi and goldfish, but keep their carnivorous diet in mind. Catfish can do well on koi food, but if they get hungry and a sickly koi drifts by, they may decide to take a bite! They have been known...

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Goldfish

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These hardy koi cousins do very well in outdoor ponds. They will eat the same diet as the koi and can grow to very large sizes if kept properly. They can also cross breed with koi, so if you keep them in the same pond and a spawn occurs, you...

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Other Pond Fish

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Since these ponds are commonly outdoors, they are subject to seasonal temperature variations. For this reason, it is very hard to keep any tropical variety fish in an outdoor pond. If you are looking to increase your pond diversity, here are...

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The Chagoi

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Although not show fish, these plain brown koi are known for their outgoing personalities and monstrous appetites. Usually the first to arrive for feeding time, they will learn to hand-feed willingly. This variety of koi is beloved by pond owners. Be...

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The Gin Rin

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Gin Rin fish can be any subtype of koi, including Gosanke and Doitsu, but they have sparkly scales. Some fish may have only one or two metallic scales, or they may be metallic throughout their body. If a fish loses a metallic scale, there is...

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The Butterfly

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Koi with long fins are known as Butterfly koi. They can be any koi variety with elongated fins throughout their entire body. However, with these delicate fins come frequent tears and scarring if your pond has too many obstacles for them to maneuver....

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The Doitsu

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Doitsu koi are a variety bred in Germany. “Doitsu” is a derivative of the word “German” in Japanese. These koi are distinguished by having minimal or no scales. They may just have a zipper of scales along their lateral...

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The Gosanke

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The Gosanke group is made up of the Kohaku, Sanke, and Showa varieties of koi. These highly prized koi are the winners of koi shows across the globe. The Kohaku are prized for their deep red bands. The Sanke are similar to the Kohaku, but have...

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A Guide to Koi and Other Pond Fish Varieties

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By Jessie M Sanders, DVM, CertAqV A fish pond can be a grand addition to any home. Koi are one of the most commonly kept pet fish for large, outdoor ponds. Originating from grass carp, generations of breeding for color and shape have...

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A Guide to Koi and Other Pond Fish Varieties

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Originating from grass carp, generations of breeding for color and shape have yielded the beautiful nishikigoi, or brocaded carp, also commonly called koi. Learn more about some of the best varieties of koi for your garden pond.

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Before You Buy – Research Your Pick

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Although most of the species listed here can exist comfortably at room temperature, some, like the ball python, require a regulated temperature of approximately 82 degrees F or higher in the day and cooler temps of about 75 degrees F at night. “Purchase...

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Garter Snakes

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This under-rated species is related to the water snake and is sometimes available through pet store chains. “They are primarily fish eaters but will often take earth worms and sometimes frozen and thawed rodents,” said Spinner. These...

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King Snakes

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Typically a larger variety of the milk snakes, king snakes are known for eating other snakes, including venomous types, in nature, and will often consume any cage mates, so they must be kept individually, said Spinner. “King snakes...

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African Ball Pythons

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Ball pythons are Hoefer’s personal favorite because they tend to be very calm and are happy to wrap around your wrist or curl up in a ball on your lap. This snake’s short length and stocky body also leaves you with the feeling of...

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Western Hognose Snakes

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The Western hognose snake has become increasingly popular through the years due to its whimsical facial features and small size. “The average captive size of the Western hognose is one to three feet, though older specimens have...

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Corn Snakes

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Thanks to selective breeding, the corn snake can be bred into virtually any color to satisfy the preference of the buyer (although their natural color is primarily shades of orange with a saddle-like pattern outlined in black and white), and...

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Milk Snakes

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The Pueblan milk snake, or Tri-color, is very popular with pet store chains because they only grow to about 36 inches and they are brightly colored in red and peach, and in white and black. Feeding them is easy, too, since they can easily live...

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Snakes That Are Tame and Stay Small

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By Cheryl Lock If you or your child are interested in taking home a snake as a pet, but not quite as interested in dealing with a pet that can grow to be humongous, there may be a compromise. While larger snakes might be difficult for...

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The Best Captive Bred Snakes That Stay Small

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The following are some of the more common, smaller snake breeds, along with some things you should know about them before taking one home.

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Electric Cord Bite Injury in Rabbits

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By Dr. Laurie Hess, DVM, Dipl ABVP (Avian Practice) Like human infants, rabbits are very oral creatures; they like to put everything in their mouths to check things out. Unfortunately, also like babies, they put inappropriate, and sometimes...

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How to Train Your Bird to Fetch and Other Fun Games

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By Cheryl Lock Whether you’ve lived with birds all your life or your new friend is your first feathered companion, you’ve likely noticed that most domesticated birds love to play. But even playtime needs structure. In...

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All About Digestive Enzymes for Dogs

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By Hanie Elfenbein, DVM Protein, fat, and carbohydrates are the three macronutrients that together make up all foods. Each is important for your dog’s health. Macronutrients must be broken down into pieces that the body uses...

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