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Nutrition Nuggets
 
 
Your dog's nutrition is important for a healthy & happy life. petMD experts help you to know what to feed your dog, how much food to feed, and the differences in dog foods, so your dog gets optimum nutrition.
Nutrition Nuggets is the newest offshoot of petMD's Dog Nutrition Center. Each week Dr. Coates will use her expertise and wisdom to blog about the intricacies of dog nutrition.

Treats, Table Scraps and Begging

December 23, 2011 / (1) comments

A dog’s meal should provide balanced nutrition made from high-quality ingredients that help keep him or her healthy. Your dog should eat an amount that, in accordance with his exercise level, maintains a slim body condition. If you do this for your dog on a daily basis, every once in a while you can let your dog indulge in treats without jeopardizing his health.

When treating your pet, a good rule of thumb is that 90 percent of a dog’s calories should be derived from a healthy, well-balanced food, allowing the remaining 10 percent for treats. The average maintenance requirement for a typical, neutered, 50 lb adult dog is around 1,200 calories per day, which leaves about 120 calories (or kcal as they are sometimes called) for treats. This really isn’t very much.

The easiest option for an owner who wants to give a dog a little something special is a commercially prepared treat. While they may not provide the complete and balanced nutrition that an AAFCO approved dog food does, they do still undergo testing and monitoring and have ingredient lists that owners can evaluate for appropriateness and caloric density.

Foods from the kitchen should also be considered a treat. Of course, there are some items that need to be avoided all-together, including fat trimmings, chocolate, anything containing Xylitol, garlic, and grapes. If you want to give your dog a small piece of lean meat or an apple slice as part of his 10 percent treat allowance, go ahead. But monitor your dog after giving him a new type of treat. If you notice an increase in gas production, vomiting, diarrhea, or malaise, discontinue that treat immediately and call your veterinarian if the problem persists.

Routinely giving dogs treats or human food under predictable circumstances can lead to begging. Dogs are masters at putting two and two together. Just a couple of instances of being slipped something under the dining room table can produce an unbearable moocher at meal time. I recommend that pet owners never give their dogs treats while they are preparing food in the kitchen (who wants a dog underfoot when you’re working with sharp knives and hot pans?) or while they are eating a meal. However, feeding your dog his regular dog food in his bowl so that he can eat while you are eating is appropriate.

If you start to notice unacceptable begging behavior, institute these two rules:

  1. All food, including treats, should always be placed in your dog’s own food bowl and offered at a single, designated location within your home. A dog should sit while you prepare the bowl and only move toward it when you tell him to.

     

  2. Never give a dog a treat while he is begging. Treats are always your idea (not his) and should only be given when a dog’s attention is not on food.

This may take some training and patience, but having a dog with impeccable table manners is well worth the effort.

Dr. Jennifer Coates

Image: Anneka / via Shutterstock

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Comments  1

Leave Comment
  • Quantity vs Critter Size
    12/23/2011 06:47am

    Some of the bet advice I've heard is to consider the size of the critter vs the size of the treat.

    Slipping your pet a whole hot dog might be the equivalent of a human eating 10 hot dogs.

 



ABOUT NUTRITION NUGGETS

JENNIFER COATES, DVM

Photo of Jennifer

... graduated with honors from the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine in 1999. In the years since, she has practiced veterinary medicine in Virginia, Wyoming, and Colorado. She is the author of several books about veterinary medicine and animal care, including the Dictionary of Veterinary Terms, Vet-Speak Deciphered for the Non-Veterinarian .

Jennifer also writes short stories that focus on the strength and importance of the human-animal bond and freelance articles relating to a variety of animal care and veterinary topics. Dr. Coates lives in Fort Collins, Colorado with her husband, daughter, and pets.

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