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Nutrition Nuggets
 
 
Your cat's nutrition is important for a healthy & happy life. petMD experts help you to know what to feed your cat, how much food to feed, and the differences in cat foods, so your cat gets optimum nutrition.
Nutrition Nuggets is the newest offshoot of petMD's Cat Nutrition Center. Each week Dr. Coates will use her expertise and wisdom to blog about the intricacies of cat nutrition.

Feeding Senior Cats

August 31, 2012 / (2) comments

Just one of the great things about living with cats is that they can be around for a looonngg time. One of my favorite patients was a crotchety old kitty named Rosie. She was 25 when she finally passed after a long and quite successful battle with chronic kidney disease.

Rosie had lived with her owners ever since she was a kitten, and they didn’t seem the boastful type, so I believed them when they told me how old she was. Plus (and please don’t take this the wrong way, dearest Rosie), she looked like a 25 year old cat.

She was a calico domestic long hair, probably with a bit of Persian in there. She had a face like an Ewok, weighed about four pounds, had no teeth, and would have used a walker if she could have. I can still picture her fur sticking up every which way around her pursed little old lady face. She wasn’t pretty, but she was the queen and she reveled in it.

Dealing with old age has its challenges of course, and for the owner of a "mature" cat, providing optimum nutrition is one of them. It’s worth the effort to find a high quality food that your cat looks forward to eating, however. Providing the right balance of nutrients in your older cat’s diet is one of the best ways to maximize his well-being and longevity.

Animals with chronic health concerns (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, or kidney disease) often benefit from diets designed specifically for their needs, but what about otherwise healthy older cats?

Many respected pet food manufacturers make foods designed for feline senior citizens. The Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) does not have a specific set of nutrient requirements for older cats, so it is up to the manufacturers to design foods that support this unique stage of life. Each company goes about it a bit differently, but qualities to look for in a food include:

  • High antioxidant levels (e.g., vitamins E and C) to support the immune system
  • Moderate levels of protein — enough to maintain muscle mass while avoiding an excess that could worsen preexisting kidney disease
  • Low levels of phosphorus to protect the kidneys
  • Excellent palatability and smell to stimulate the appetite
  • High quality ingredients for ease of digestibility and to reduce the formation of potentially damaging metabolic byproducts
  • Carnitine to maintain muscle mass
  • Fish oils and other sources of essential fatty acids to counteract the effects of brain aging and promote healthy skin and joint health

There is no hard and fast rule as to when to make the switch to a food specifically designed for older cats. In fact, since cats can live so long, some pet food manufacturers have divided up these later years into what essentially is a feline version of middle age followed by the "golden years" and have designed separate foods for each age range.

I tend to think of middle age as starting when a cat has reached half its expected lifespan, and a cat to be a senior citizen at 75 percent of its life expectancy. This comes out to around 7 years and 11 years of age respectively, but your veterinarian can help you determine when switching to a senior food would be in your cat’s best interests.

Dr. Jennifer Coates

Image: Polianskyi Igor / via Shutterstock

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Comments  2

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  • Senior Kitties
    08/31/2012 07:30am

    What do you think are the common factors in kitties that live past 20 years of page?

    I had one that I'm sure was 21 or 22 when she passed away. She had a rough start and had bee-bees (sp?) in her leg. She went through I131, high blood pressure and was a kidney kitty. She was a gray kitty of steel.

    I've had others with similar senior maladies, but they don't fare as well age-wise.

  • 08/31/2012 03:36pm

    I wish I knew! My guess is that it's something inherent to the cats themselves... good genes probably.

 



ABOUT NUTRITION NUGGETS

JENNIFER COATES, DVM

Photo of Jennifer

... graduated with honors from the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine in 1999. In the years since, she has practiced veterinary medicine in Virginia, Wyoming, and Colorado. She is the author of several books about veterinary medicine and animal care, including the Dictionary of Veterinary Terms, Vet-Speak Deciphered for the Non-Veterinarian .

Jennifer also writes short stories that focus on the strength and importance of the human-animal bond and freelance articles relating to a variety of animal care and veterinary topics. Dr. Coates lives in Fort Collins, Colorado with her husband, daughter, and pets.

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