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Kidney And Urinary Tract Disorders in Birds


Even birds can suffer from kidney and urinary tract disorders like humans and other animals.


Symptoms and Types


A bird can show different symptoms depending on the actual kidney and urinary tract disorder. Generally, one or more of the following symptoms are seen.


  • Increased urination
  • Change in color of urine
  • Blood in urine
  • Chemical imbalance in the blood
  • Increased or decreased thirst
  • Difficulty in walking or movement
  • Lethargy
  • Depression


Depending on the reason, there are many kidney and urinary tract disorders. The most common are:


  • Gout – Uric acid deposits in the joints and surrounding tissues due to kidney damage cause gout. There is difficulty in movement with red and swollen joints.
  • Stones – There can be stones in the kidney or urinary tract of the bird. The bird will urinate less due to pain and there may be blood present in the urine.
  • Infections – Poxvirus and psittacosis are two deadly infections that cause multiple organ damage, including kidney and urinary tract disorders. Other infections can also cause kidney and urinary tract disorders.
  • Renal failure – The kidneys could stop functioning due to a severe or untreated kidney, or urinary tract disorders.




Kidney and urinary tract disorders in birds can be due many reasons, including:


  • Infection
  • Injury
  • Disease
  • Tumor or cancer
  • Damage to other organs
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Excess of Calcium, vitamin D and Phosphorus
  • Dehydration