Q. Bun is frequently urinating outside litter box. Before two weeks ago he was always using his litter box. He is neutered and bonded.
DR. CHRISTIE LONG, D.V.M., C.V.A.
A. If this is a bunny I'm wondering if bladder stones have been ruled out with an x-ray? Rabbits do get bladder and sometimes kidney stones, and it's something I would investigate especially if Bun has always been litter box trained and suddenly he's not.
A. Have him seen by your vet to rule out medical causes. To rule out UTI, submit a clean urine sample or have your vet collect a sterile sample for urinalysis and culture. Blood work may be able to diagnose kidney disease or diabetes. Once medical causes have been ruled out, you can focus on behavioral issues. Even though you don't have multiple cats, try adding an additional litter box in a quiet area of the home. Try different types and brands of litter. Your cat may prefer one to another. Try litterbox attractants. Search www.pet360.com for options. If your cat is stressed or feeling anxiety, try to determine and reduce or eliminate the offending stimulus. If that isn't possible, calming pheromone collars or sprays may be effective.