Q. How can to tell in a golden retriever if a dislocated knee cap is genetic or caused by trauma. One yr old playing fetch and stopes while running
A. An exam with your vet may be able to tell if it is injury related or if it is a congenital defect, but there is no guarantee that they will be able to determine if it is one or the other. Congenital patellar luxation usually will be characterized by a very shallow trochlear groove,that the patella and the ligaments ride in. The treatment may vary depending on the cause, varying from cage rest to surgery..